Israel from the crossing of the Jordon to 70 AD
Stories of 1st Temple
Stories of 1st Destruction
Stories of 1st Restoration
Stories of 1st Coming
The 1st Temple Destruction & Exile
586 years before Christ, Jerusalem
Was besieged by the king of Babylon, Nebuchadnezzar
The children of Israel, that escaped death, were taken to Babylon to be servants and slaves.
The book we know as Jeremiah, prophesied the 70 year captivity.
The other book Jeremiah wrote, was written during the captivity.
Lamentations, is five poems about Jerusalem’s destruction.
Ezekiel was a slave and wrote his book in Babylon. The main message was that dispersed Israel, would be restored again as a nation.
Nebuchadnezzar took all of the gold from the temple in Jerusalem to his own temple in Babylon.
The king instructed that the brightest princes from the Israelites should be educated to serve him.
Four boys stood out, Daniel, Hananiah, Meshael and Aazariah.
They were renamed after Babalonion gods, Belteshazzar, Shadrach, Meshach and Abednego.
God blessed these boys, by giving them knowledge and wisdom and they joined the King’s wise men.
One night Nebuchadnezzar had a dream. He saw the figure of a man. The head was gold, the chest and arms were silver and from his waist to his knees was brass.The rest of his legs were iron and his feet were a mixture of iron and clay.
The following day, the king invited his wise men to explain the dream, but they couldn’t.
Daniel approached the king saying, “O King, I will tell you your dream and its meaning.”
That night God explained the dream to Daniel. The next day Daniel told the king.
“You O king, are the head of gold, your empire will be replaced by another, that’s the silver. The brass represents the next empire and the iron the last.”
Nebuchadnezzar said to Daniel, “Your God is indeed a God of Gods.”
Then the king made Daniel the Prime Minister, over all of the wise men of Babylon.
The King also gave positions of leadership to Shadrach, Meshach and Abednego.
Twenty years later, Nebuchadnezzar made an image of gold.
At the dedication, an order was given that anyone who wouldn’t bow, would be thrown into a lake of fire.
But Shadrach, Meshach and Abednego, would not bow and the Babylonian wise men, told the king,
The king sent for the men, but they refused to bow.
So the king ordered the furnace be heated to the maximum.
Then Shadrach, Meshach and Abednego, were bound and carried to the oven.
The heat was so intense, that the soldiers were burnt alive, Nebuchadnezzar said;
“LOOK! We threw just three men into the fire, now I see four and the fourth one looks like the Son of God.”
So the men were called out of the oven.
They didn’t have any burns, only the rope that they were tied with, was burnt off. The King said;
“Blessed be the God of Shadrach, Meshach and Abednego, for there is no other God that can deliver like this.”
Nebuchadnezzar had another dream, when an angel said, “Cut down the tree, but leave a stump, with an animal’s heart for seven years.”
Then Daniel explained the dream, “O King you are the tree, and you are to lose your power. You will act like an animal for seven years.
The stump that is left, means that you will be restored and rule as king again.”
One year later a voice from heaven spoke, “The kingdom is taken from you, you will live like an animal for seven years, until you learn that God rules and gives kingdoms, to whoever He chooses.”
At the end of seven years, God restored the kings mind. Daniel welcomed him back and God blessed the king.
35 - 36
Time-That-Was of the 1st Temple Destruction & Exile
Judea did not repent, so even though the Assyrian invasion had not able to take over Jerusalem, within time, Babylon did. Babylon had replaced the Assyrians as the world empire.
ISAIAH had prophesied that this would happen almost 100 years before it did. He said, however, that in time, the nation would be brought back to it’s own land. He named BY NAME the man that God would use to do that - a man called “CYRUS”! Such a man would allow the captives to return and rebuild their walls and their temple (Isaiah 44:28-45:1 NIV).
JEREMIAH was God's prophet to warn the king of Judah that he was not to resist the Babylonian takeover, that it was of God, and that it was for their own good.
***"...the king of Babylon's [Nebuchadnezzar's] army besieged Jerusalem: and
Jeremiah the prophet was shut up in…the king of Judah’s [Zedekiah’s] house…
saying, 'thou prophesy, and say, Thus saith the Lord, Behold, I will give this city into the hand of the king of Babylon, and he shall take it...(Jeremiah 32:2-3 KJV)'".*** Jeremiah's predictions came true, and the people of Judea [Judah, Jerusalem, Benjamin] were taken into custody and exiled to Babylon. Jeremiah also gave hope by saying that their exile would be only for SEVENTY YEARS!
***"By the rivers of Babylon, there we sat down, yea, we wept, when we remembered Zion. We hanged our harps upon the willows in the midst thereof. For there they that carried us away captive required of us a song; and they that wasted us required of us mirth, saying, Sing us one of the songs of Zion. How shall we sing the LORD's song in a strange land? If I forget thee, O Jerusalem, let my right hand forget her cunning. If I do not remember thee, let my tongue cleave to the roof of my mouth; if I prefer not Jerusalem above my chief joy (Psalm 137:1-6 KJV)."***
DANIEL, taken to Babylon with the exiles, prayed and trusted God, so God gave him favor with each of four kings, so that he was always put in an honorable position. Many miracles happened through those years, as God took care of His people so far away from their home.
Daniel was not only able to interpret a dream of the first king, he could tell him exactly what it was he had dreamed. His friends were put into a fiery furnace and were not burned. The only thing that burned were the ropes they were tied with.
The second king saw a hand writing on the wall; Daniel was able to tell him what it meant, and Daniel’s words came true that same night.
Daniel was cast into a lion’s den by the third king, but an angel shut the mouths of the lions, and Daniel walked out unharmed.
Daniel had read the prophecies from Isaiah about the man named CYRUS who would be stirred up to free the Jews and the writings from Jeremiah and understood that this exile would end in exactly SEVENTY YEARS (Daniel 9:2), so he was not surprised when the seventy years were nearly up [Jeremiah's prophecy], that the fourth king to come to power was named Cyrus [Isaiah’s prophecy]! Cyrus made a decree that the Jews were to be allowed to leave and rebuild the walls and the Temple of their Holy City, Jerusalem.
Very Word***Daniel saw two prophecies come to pass; fulfillment of Bible prophecy has proven and continues to prove that the Bible we have is the Very Word of God!***
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