THe story and sites of the Patriarchs of Israel
- 2000 BC -
***"He remembers His covenant forever,
the word He commanded, for a thousand generations,
the covenant He made with Abraham,
the oath He swore to Issac.
He confirmed it to Jacob as a decree,
to Israel as an everlasting covenant;
To you I will give the land of Canaan as the portion you will inherit
(Psalm 105:8-11 NIV)."***
Time-That-Was of Father Abraham
Abraham & Sarah
***Location: from the town of Ur in present-day Iraq [then called Shinar], with a sojourn in the town of Haran in present-day Turkey (Gen.11:31), to Canaan [that God gave to Israel], with a sojourn to Egypt, then returning to Canaan [Israel] to permanently settle & receive the promise of a homeland & a lineage***`
ABRAHAM WAS THE FIRST “JEW”
God singled out one man, Abraham, to start a special nation
and told him to leave his father’s house. He took his wife, Sarah, and his nephew, Lot, and journeyed to a land called Canaan.
***(F,S) Gen. 12:1-3 "Now the Lord had said unto Abram, Get thee out of thy country, and from thy kindred, and from thy father's house, unto a land that I will shew thee: And I will make of thee a great nation, and I will bless thee, and make thy name great; and thou shalt be a blessing…
God’s unchanging foreign policy in the Mideast:
And I will bless them that bless thee, and curse him that curseth thee:
and in thee shall all families of the earth be blessed [through the Messianic lineage]."***
God promised him that He would give him that land & multiply his
**“I will surely bless you and make your descendants as numerous as the stars in the sky and as the sand on the seashore (Ge.22:17)…”***
***(I) Gen. 18:18 "Seeing that Abraham shall surely become a great and mighty nation, and all the nations of the earth shall be blessed in him?"***
Most importantly, God told him that he, Abraham, would be used in His great redemption plan by making him to be a great blessing to the people of the world. That became evident when God used this nation to produce the Bible, His message to the world, and most importantly, produced the earthly lineage of the One Who would provide redemption for all who would receive it, the Messiah, the Savior of all the world, Yeshua, Jesus.
BORDERS***(M) Gen. 13:14-17 "And the Lord said unto Abram, after that Lot was separated from him, Lift up now thine eyes, and look from the place where thou art northward, and southward, and eastward, and westward: For all the land which thou seest, to thee will I give it, and to thy seed forever. And I will make thy seed as the dust of the earth: so that if a man can number the dust of the earth, then shall thy seed also be numbered. Arise, walk through the land in the length of it and in the breadth of it; for I will give it unto thee ."***
Note: The promise of the covenant land to Israel will be fully fulfilled in the Millennium.
God said these promises given to Abraham and his descendants through his son, Issac, and his grandson, Jacob, and their descendants, are forever and cannot be broken. This nation is also chosen of God to be the cultivators and caretakers of the Eternal Home of the LORD God Almighty, Who said He has put His Name in this place where He will return to tabernacle with His people.
Father Abraham received the Land Covenant and populated much of the mideast.
ABRAHAM HAD TWO SONS
(father of the Arabs)
(father of the Jews).
Later, he had many more sons.
***(I) Gen. 21:12 "And God said unto Abraham, 'Let it not be grievous in thy sight because of the lad [Ishmael], and because of thy bondwoman [Hagar]; in all that Sarah hath said unto thee [to send them away], hearken unto her voice; for in Issac shall thy seed be called'."***
***"And he [Ishmael] will be a wild man; his hand will be against every man, and every man's hand against him; and he shall dwell in the presence of all his brethren (Genesis 16:12)."***
Issac’s mother is God’s Picture of the New Covenant that brings Freedom! [to serve God without condemnation]
***(I) Gen. 17:19 "And God said, 'Sarah thy wife shall bear thee a son indeed; and thou shalt call his name Issac: and I will establish my covenant with him for an everlasting covenant, and with his seed after him'."***
GOD’S GREAT REDEMPTION PICTURE:
A Son [Ishmael] Who Is Born of a Bond Woman [Hagar], &
A Son [Issac] Who Is Born of a Free Woman [Sarah]
Ishmael’s mother is God’s Picture of the Old Covenant that brings Bondage [to condemnation]
Abraham's greatest test of faith came when God told him to offer up his son of the promise, Issac, as a sacrifice on Mt. Moriah at [Jeru]Salem. He obeyed because of his faith. He knew God had promised him a special lineage through this son, so he thought that God would just raise him from the dead. He fought the “good fight of faith”, which means the fight to stay in faith when everything looks just the opposite.
Abraham's first view of Mt. Moriah, looking east,
coming up over this hill after
coming from the land of the Philistines in the south.
It is likely that this is where the wood was placed on Issac's back to carry (Genesis 22:6), giving us a prophetic picture of Jesus carrying His cross to Golgotha to be slain as the Lamb of God for our sins
[look for the golden dome, the place of sacrifice]
(Photo above taken from the Haas Promenade, Jerusalem, Summer 2013)
On Mount Moriah [which became the Temple Mt.], Abraham bound his son, Issac, and raised his knife. The angel of the Lord stopped Abraham and said that God would provide a Sacrificial Lamb [Jesus]. A ram was caught in the nearby bushes, and Abraham then used the ram for his sacrifice. Abraham called that place on Mt. Moriah, "Jehovah Jireh" [God Provides].
***"Abraham reasoned that God could raise the dead, and figuratively speaking, he did receive Issac back from death (Hebrews 11:19)."***
GOD’S GREAT REDEMPTION PICTURE:
A Father [Abraham] Who Offers His Son [Issac] As A Sacrifice
This event was to provide a great prophetic redemption picture for us of another event that would take place almost 2000 years after this when God would offer his own Son to die for our sins. We see in this event:
(1) the son, Issac, who submitted to his father’s will as Jesus would do in the future at Gethsemane, and
(2) the father, Abraham, who shows us both the deep pain of the Father God at that future event and, yet the vast love of the Father God for the people of the world, because
GOOD NEWS! 2000 years after Abraham, God let His own Son die in our place as payment for our sins!!!
EXAMPLES FOR US ***"For God so loved the world that He gave His one and only Son, that whoever believes in Him shall not perish but have eternal life (John 3:16 NIV)."***
(Photo above: The Tomb of the Patriarchs. Abraham purchased property in the town of Hebron, in the area that became known as Judea, in order to bury his wife, Sarah. When his time came, Issac & Ishmael buried Abraham beside Sarah.)
Babel was followed by the life story of a man called Abram.
Abram was married to Sarai, they had no children, but had adopted their nephew Lot. Abram lived with his father in the city of Ur.
God told Abram to leave Ur and to travel to the land of Canaan.
They travelled to Haran, where they pitched tents.
One night God spoke to Abram;
“Travel to where I show you and I will make you into a great nation.”
Abram was seventy-five years old.
And his travels had only just begun.
At last they arrived in Canaan today known as Israel.
There God spoke to Abram;
“To your children and to their children, I will give this land.”
Then Abram built an altar, and sacrificed to the Lord.
In time the land suffered a famine.
So Abram travelled to Egypt.
Sarai was very beautiful, so Abram said to her, “Say you are my sister, or the Egyptians will kill me.”
Because of Sarai’s outstanding beauty, she was taken to the Pharaoh’s palace.
The Pharaoh planned to marry her.
So God began to send plagues upon the Pharaoh’s household.
The Pharaoh found out that Sarai was Abram’s wife and Abram was arrested.
Abram why didn’t you tell me she was your wife?”
They were deported from Egypt
And journeyed north to Bethel.
Both Lot and Abram were very wealthy and there was fighting between their herdsmen.
So they divided the land and lived apart. Then the Lord spoke to Abram;with the news.
“Abram all the land you see, I will give to you and your children.”
War broke out in the land where Lot lived.
Lot was captured and they stole all of his possessions.
One of Lot’s men escaped and came to Abram with the news.
Abram armed over three hundred of his servants and went to battle.
He rescued Lot and recovered all of his goods.
Melchizedek, the High priest blessed Abram. Then the Word of God came to Abram in a vision;
“Abram your offspring shall be as many as the stars of the sky.”
But Abram was still without children so Sarai offered her maid Hagar.
However when Hagar became pregnant Sarai treated her so badly, she ran away.
The Angel of the Lord spoke to Hagar, “Return to Saria and call your son ‘Ishmael’, and your descendants will be many.”
Ishmael was born when Abram was eighty-six years old.
When Abram was ninety nine, God spoke to him;
“Abram change your name to ‘Abraham’, for you will be a father of many nations.
Your wife shall be called ‘Sarah’ and she shall be a mother of nations.”
One day the lord appeared to Abraham. It happened in this way: Abraham saw three men approaching.
He bowed down saying, “My lord if I have found favour in your sight, let me fetch you some refreshment.”
Then Abraham told Sarah to bake some cakes.
And a servant prepared a young calf in milk and butter.
One of the men said, “Your wife Sarah shall have a son.” Sarah heard this and laughed.
After this the three men went on their way.
God told Abraham, that he was going to destroy Sodom and Gomorrah.
Because of their great wickedness.
Lot lived there, so Abraham pleaded with God.
So the Lord sent two angels, who took Lot his wife and his daughters to safety.
Then fire fell upon Sodom and Gomorrha.
Lot’s wife looked back and she became a pillar of salt.
Abraham watched as Sodom and Gomorrah were turned to ashes.
Then Abraham left the land.
When Abraham was one hundred years old Sarah gave birth to their son Isaac.
Sarah demanded, “Send Hagar away. Her son shall not be a heir with Isaac.” The Lord said to Abraham;
“Do as Sarah says, because from Isaac, your offspring shall be called forth and because Ishmael is your son, I will also make him a great nation.”
So it was that Abraham evicted Hagar and Ishmael.
In the wilderness with no food or water, Hagar thought they were both going to die.
Then God spoke to Hagar, “Fear not! I will make Ishmael into a great nation.”
God was with Ishmael, who grew up in the wilderness.
Then God spoke to Abraham, “Take Isaac up to the mountains and offer him as a sacrifice.”
Abraham spoke with Isaac.
The next day with two servants, they set off for the mountain.
When they arrived Abraham and Isaac travelled alone. Isaac asked;
“Father we have the wood for the fire, but where is the offering?”
Abraham, built an altar with Isaac as the offering. Just as Abraham was about to kill Isaac, an Angel shouted;
“Abraham! Abraham! Do nothing to your son, for I now know that you fear God.”
Then Abraham saw a ram caught in the bushes.
Together they sacrificed the ram and worshipped God. Then an Angel spoke;
“Because you have obeyed my voice, through your offspring, all the nations of the earth shall be blessed.”
After returning to the servants, together they journeyed home.
When Sarah died, Abraham purchased a field and buried her.
Abraham told his oldest servant to travel to his relatives and find a wife for Isaac.
The first girl they met was Rebekah, the granddaughter of Abraham’s brother.
They soon travelled back and Rebekah met Isaac.
For Isaac it was love at first sight.
Abraham’s life came to an end when he was one hundred and seventy five years old.
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(Photo above taken in the Sinai Desert to which Hagar & Ishmael were sent)
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